There are government-licensed veterinary surgeons,
one in each district. They can deal with all cases but are
very expensive so people prefer to deal with the paravets
as much as possible. They refer cases they do not understand
or are not trained for to the vets.
The most common problems are different kinds
of worms, trypanosomosis. (caused by the tsetse fly) and tick-borne
diseases. Tsetse flies are a particular problem during and
after the rains. As the area is close to a National Park (Game
Reserve) the flies are carried by the wild animals and transferred
to the cattle.
Other problems they deal with are pneumonia,
abcesses, eye infections, diarrhoea, orfs, wounds, broken
limbs and difficult births. They keep a careful record of
every case they deal with as well as noting down symptoms
they don't understand. Follow-up training allows them to extend
their knowledge every year.