How does Lyocell fair environmentally and socially as a material?

Lyocell is made from wood pulp, but is processed so that water and solvents are recycled with minimal loss, thus reducing environmental impact. The process involves mixing wood pulp with amine oxide and then spinning the 'dope' into an amine oxide solution. This is then purified and recycled back to the main process. While the process of Lyocell production consumes few other resources, it appears to be energy intensive, although little information is available regarding energy consumption or other environmental impacts. (Source: Kate Fletcher, 1999

Lyocell Fibre Characteristics

  • Soft, strong, absorbent
  • Fibrillated during wet processing to produce special textures
  • Excellent wet strength
  • Wrinkle resistant
  • Very versatile fabric dyable to vibrant colors, with a variety of effects and textures.
  • Can be hand washable
  • Simulates silk, suede, or leather touch
  • Good drapability
  • Biodegradable

Main uses for Lyocell

Apparel: Dresses, slacks, coats, jeans

(Source:, 21st September 2004)

Tencel is an example of Lyocell