:: Specific Design Brief
PRODUCT DESIGN UK
GENERIC DESIGN CONTEXT
It has been
recommended for many years that reducing, reusing and recycling provide many
opportunities for environmental improvements in our own and other countries
and in product manufacture. Design and make a product that uses at least one
of those criteria.
known as the Waste
Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive will come into effect in
August 2006. It will mean that many companies who manufacture electrical and
electronic products (e.g. cookers, telephones, musical socks, watches) will be
required to take back old products, and disassemble them to reclaim materials
and components for recycling or reuse. Traditionally this has been done
automatically (which is cheap but involves crushing the product) or by hand
(which is expensive, but means that fragile components can be removed). A more
cost effective way of taking a product apart carefully, is to use smart
materials in the design of the product. When treated in a specific way (e.g.
heating, cooling) smart materials can be made to expand, contract, melt, and
change colour. These smart materials can be used to force the product casing
apart, and communicate useful messages regarding material types etc.
Identify a type of product which would benefit from being disassembled at the
end of its life (i.e. to reclaim valuable materials and/or components for reuse
or recycling). Then using one or more smart materials, design a system which
will enable the product to be automatically disassembled at the end of its life.
Your teacher has a reference pack, “Smart materials to help disassembly”, which
gives which gives details of the type of smart materials available, background
information on the use of smart material in disassembly and some of the design
issues which need to be addressed.
must be cost effective for the company organising the process, this may be the
original manufacturer or a company specifically set up to deal with broken
products (especially those with electronic parts) safety is a very important
issue, you must take into consideration the fact that users must not be able to
take the product apart before the end of its life.
important to choose a product where value can be gained from disassembling the
product in this manner.
first point of contact for this brief will be Loughborough University. Initially
contact Eddie Norman (email
E.W.Norman@lboro.ac.uk or by phone 01509-222659).
quantity of materials entering landfill sites can significantly reduce the
environmental impact of people in the UK
facilities around the UK for specific product types would provide employment in
materials and components for recycling or reuse reduces the extraction of raw
materials which supports biodiversity.
If you decide
to work on this design brief, don't forget to consider the issues of
sustainability in the different phases of your designing and making.
here to access Sustain-a-balls